Baldwin I of Boulogne

 - Latin King of Jerusalem -

( 1058 - 1118 )

* List of the stories he appears in :
- D 2001-024 : "The Crown of the Crusader Kings", from 2001, by Don Rosa.


* His biography :
     Baldwin of Boulogne was born in 1058, the son of Eustace, Count of Boulogne, and Ida of Lorraine.
He accompanied his brother, Godfrey of Bouillon, on the First Crusade in 1096, but his object seems to have been to establish himself in the East, and he achieved this when he wrested Edessa from the Muslims in 1097.
   In 1100, on the death of Godfrey, he was called to succeed him in Jerusalem. He became protector of the Holy Sepulchre, and was crowned king, which Godfrey had refused, on Christmas Day. He consolidated the Latin states of the East.
   He fought continuously against the Turks and Fatimids, conquering Caesarea, Arsuf, and Jaffa, Acre, and Sidon.
   With the help of crusading fleets from the West and, more important, the Genoese and the Venetians, to whom he made large concessions, he gained possession of the chief ports of Palestine. He helped the Latin rulers of Antioch, Edessa, and Tripoli against the Muslims and fought against the Egyptians.
   He was the true creator and consolidator of the kingdom of Jerusalem.
   He died in 1118, on his return from an expedition into Egypt, and his cousin, Baldwin II, succeeded him.

* His place in the Barks/Rosa stories universe :
    In "The Crown of the Crusader Kings", in which he can be seen but remains unnamed, it's told that he was offered a beautiful crown when he became king. This crown was later to be given to the King Ferdinand of Spain to be offered to the Great Khan, and carried to him by Colombus.

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