Frank Lloyd Lincoln Wright

 - American Architect -

( 1867 - 1959 )

* List of the stories and drawings he appears in :
- D 2000-191 : "The Beagle Boys Vs. The Money Bin", from 2001, by Dan Shane and Don Rosa (by name only).


* His biography :
     Frank Loyd was born in Richland Center, Wisconsin, on June 8, 1867, son of William Cary Wright, a music teacher and Baptist Minister and Anna Lloyd Jones. Even before he was born, his mother wanted him to be an architect. In 1885, his father definitely left the house. He briefly studied engineering at the University of Wisconsin.
   In 1887, he moved to Chicago where he worked as a tracer for the architect Joseph Lyman Silsbee. The year after, he worked for the firm of Dankmar Adler and Louis Sullivan, who at the time were working on the design of the Auditorium Theater in Chicago, still in drafting job.
   In 1893, after a dispute, he opened his own Chicago practice in 1893. Wright became the chief practitioner of the Prairie school of architecture, building about 50 Prairie houses from 1900 to 1910.
   In 1889, he married Catherine Lee Clark Tobin.
   Early nonresidential buildings included the forward-looking Larkin Building in Buffalo, Nex York, and Unity Temple in Oak Park, Illinois. In 1911 he began work on his own house, Taliesin. In 1914, he accepted to design and build the Imperial Hotel of Tokyo, significant for its revolutionary floating cantilever construction, which made it one of the only large buildings to withstand the earthquake of 1923.
   In 1923, he divorced from Catherine and married Miriam Noel, but he'd soon divorce again and marry Olga "Olgivanna" Milanoff Hinzenberg in 1925.
   In the 1930s he designed his Usonian houses, but his most admired house, Fallingwater, in Bear Run, Pennsylvania, in 1936, was an extravagant country retreat cantilevered over a waterfall.
   His Johnson Wax Building, an example of humane workplace design, touched off numerous commissions. He never got to see the completion his Guggenheim Museum in New York City.
   He died on April 9, 1959, after a surgery for an intestinal blockage.
   Often considered the greatest U.S. architect, Wright became famous for "organic architecture", buildings that harmonize both with their inhabitants and their environment.

* His place in the Barks/Rosa stories universe :
   In Dan Shane's Money Bin blueprints that were first published, in black and white, in Comic-Con International - San Diego 2001 Souvenir Book, the architect is said to be a K.D. Rosa, while the drawer is said to be Dan Shane. In the original scripts of "The Beagle Boys Vs. The Money Bin", the blueprints are re-printed, and Don Rosa told that the architect was F.L. Drake, and that F.L. stood for Frank Lloyd, obviously a pun for Frank Lloyd Wright. In the French version, it's been translated "F.L. Braque", in the Estonian version, it's "P. P. Pauk", in the Polish one, it's "Coorna-Hata" ("Kurna chata" is a chimneyless shack), and in the Danish one, it's "Johand Sprækkelsen" ("and" means Duck, and Johan Otto Von Sprechelsen was the famous Danish architect who is responsible for the new gate of triumph, in la Defense, Paris, France, and so used to make square buildings, as the bin is. So, the Danish translator made the architect be the duck-counterpart of this architect, as Don Rosa made him be the duck-counterpart of Francis Lloyd Wright)... He had a shop in old Duckburg, where his name also appears. If we see the calendar, we can assume he left the ofice in 1915...

The blueprints of "Money Bin
for Scrooge McDuck",...

...and F.L. Drake's name.

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